where.adoc (Get FreeBSD, Download FreeBSD): corrections and improvements

Supplemental to D36520 <https://reviews.freebsd.org/D36520>:

* a few corrections (for example, the general advice about mirror sites
  was misplaced under FreeBSD 12.3-STABLE)
* narrower column headings should improve tables on smaller displays
* a few other improvements
* generally less verbose.

Reviewed by:           carlavilla (mentor)
Approved by:           carlavilla
Pull request:          https://github.com/grahamperrin/freebsd-doc/pull/4
Differential revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D36523
main
Graham Perrin 2 weeks ago
parent e0bf309492
commit 4c6c835978
  1. 64
      website/content/en/where.adoc

@ -9,24 +9,30 @@ sidenav: download
include::shared/releases.adoc[]
include::shared/en/urls.adoc[]
For general information about past, present and future releases, see link:../releases/[Release Information].
= Download FreeBSD
[[choose-version]]
[[choose-arch]]
== Choosing an Architecture
Most users of FreeBSD will have hardware for either the amd64 or aarch64 architectures, which are well supported.
Most users of FreeBSD will have hardware for **amd64** or **aarch64**. These architectures are well-supported.
Most modern PCs, including those with Intel(R) processors, use **amd64**.
Modern PCs use the amd64 architecture, including those with Intel(R) branded processors.
Embedded devices and single-board computers (SBCs) such as the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4, ESPRESSObin, as well as many Allwinner and Rockchip boards, use the aarch64 SD card image.
Embedded devices and single-board computers (SBCs) such as the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4, ESPRESSObin, as well as many Allwinner and Rockchip boards, use **aarch64**.
All other users should reference the link:../platforms/[complete list] of supported FreeBSD platforms.
For all other architectures, please see the link:../platforms/#_supported_platforms[table of supported platforms].
[[choose-image]]
== Choosing an Image
The FreeBSD installer can be downloaded in a number of different formats including CD (disc1), DVD (dvd1), and Network Install (bootonly) sized ISO Disc Images, as well as regular and mini USB memory stick images.
Recent versions of FreeBSD are also offered as prebuilt expandable Virtual Machine images, and as SD Card images for embedded platforms.
For the FreeBSD installer: formats include CD (disc1), DVD (dvd1), and network install (bootonly) sized ISO, plus regular and mini USB memory sticks.
For virtual machines: virtual disk images have FreeBSD preinstalled.
For embedded platforms: SD card images are available.
[[download]]
[[download-rel131]]
@ -35,7 +41,7 @@ Recent versions of FreeBSD are also offered as prebuilt expandable Virtual Machi
[.tblDownload]
[width="100%",cols="25%,25%,25%,25%",options="header",]
|===
|Installer Images |Virtual Machine Images |SD Card Images |Documentation
|Installer |VM |SD Card |Documentation
a|
* link:{url-rel}/amd64/amd64/ISO-IMAGES/{rel131-current}/[amd64]
* link:{url-rel}/i386/i386/ISO-IMAGES/{rel131-current}/[i386]
@ -90,7 +96,7 @@ a|
[.tblDownload]
[width="100%",cols="25%,25%,25%,25%",options="header",]
|===
|Installer Images |Virtual Machine Images |SD Card Images |Documentation
|Installer |VM |SD Card |Documentation
a|
* link:{url-rel}/amd64/amd64/ISO-IMAGES/{rel123-current}/[amd64]
* link:{url-rel}/i386/i386/ISO-IMAGES/{rel123-current}/[i386]
@ -133,15 +139,14 @@ a|
|===
//[[helptest]]
//== Help Test
//== Help to Test
//
//If you are interested in testing the next upcoming release, please visit the link:../where/[FreeBSD download page].
[[download-snapshots]]
== Development Snapshots
If you are interested in a purely experimental *snapshot* release of FreeBSD-CURRENT (AKA {rel-head}-CURRENT), aimed at developers and bleeding-edge testers only, then please see the link:../snapshots/[FreeBSD Snapshot Releases] page.
For more information about past, present and future releases in general, please visit the link:../releases/[release information page].
See link:../snapshots/[FreeBSD Snapshot Releases].
== FreeBSD {rel-head}-CURRENT
@ -161,47 +166,46 @@ Installer and SD card images are available for link:{url-snapshot}/amd64/amd64/I
VM images are available for link:{url-snapshot}/VM-IMAGES/{rel123-current}-STABLE/amd64/Latest/[amd64] and link:{url-snapshot}/VM-IMAGES/{rel123-current}-STABLE/i386/Latest/[i386].
If you plan on getting FreeBSD via HTTP or FTP, please check the listing of *link:{handbook}mirrors/#mirrors[mirror sites]* in the Handbook to see if there is a site closer to you.
[[install]]
=== Install FreeBSD
There are many options for installing FreeBSD, including installation from CD-ROM, DVD, USB Memory Stick or even directly using anonymous FTP, HTTP, or NFS.
Please read through the link:{handbook}bsdinstall/[FreeBSD installation guide] before downloading the entire FreeBSD distribution.
Options include images (see above) and direct download (anonymous FTP, HTTP, and NFS).
Before downloading an entire distribution, please read the link:{handbook}bsdinstall/[installation guide].
If you plan to get FreeBSD via FTP or HTTPS, check the FreeBSD Handbook for link:{handbook}mirrors/#mirrors[suitable mirrors] for your region.
[[distribution]]
=== Purchase FreeBSD Media
FreeBSD can be acquired on CD-ROM or DVD from http://www.freebsdmall.com/[FreeBSD Mall], or one of the other link:{handbook}mirrors/#mirrors-cdrom[CD-ROM and DVD Publishers].
FreeBSD can be acquired on CD-ROM or DVD from https://www.freebsdmall.com/[FreeBSD Mall], and other link:{handbook}mirrors/#mirrors-cdrom[CD-ROM and DVD publishers].
[[past]]
=== Past Releases
For downloading past releases, please visit the http://ftp-archive.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD-Archive/old-releases/[FTP archive].
Please browse the http://ftp-archive.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD-Archive/old-releases/[FTP archive].
[[derived]]
=== FreeBSD-derived Operating System Distributions
FreeBSD is widely used as a building block for other commercial and open-source operating systems.
The projects below are widely used and of particular interest to FreeBSD users.
The projects below are of particular interest.
* https://www.truenas.com/[TrueNAS] is a Network Attached Storage (NAS) software that shares and protects data from modern-day threats like ransomware and malware. TrueNAS makes it easy for users and client devices to access shared data through virtually any sharing protocol.
* https://ghostbsd.org[GhostBSD] is derived from FreeBSD, GhostBSD uses the GTK environment to provide a beautiful look and a comfortable experience on the modern BSD platform offering a natural and native UNIX(R) work environment.
* https://www.midnightbsd.org[MidnightBSD] is a BSD-derived operating system developed with desktop users in mind. It includes all the software you would expect for your daily tasks: mail, web browsing, word processing, gaming, and much more.
* https://www.nomadbsd.org[NomadBSD] is a persistent live system for USB flash drives, based on FreeBSD. Together with automatic hardware detection and setup, it is configured to be used as a desktop system that works out of the box, but can also be used for data recovery, for educational purposes, or to test FreeBSD's hardware compatibility.
* http://www.pfsense.org[pfSense] is a FreeBSD based customized distribution tailored for use as a firewall and router.
* https://www.truenas.com/[TrueNAS] is network attached storage (NAS) software that shares and protects data from modern-day threats like ransomware and malware. TrueNAS makes it easy for users and client devices to access shared data through virtually any sharing protocol.
* https://ghostbsd.org[GhostBSD] is derived from FreeBSD, and uses the GTK environment to provide a beautiful look and a comfortable experience on a modern BSD platform offering a natural and native UNIX(R)-like work environment.
* https://www.midnightbsd.org[MidnightBSD] was forked from FreeBSD 6.1 beta, and continues to use parts of more recent FreeBSD code bases. Developed with desktop users in mind, MidnightBSD includes everything that you would expect for your daily tasks: mail, web browsing, word processing, gaming, and much more.
* https://www.nomadbsd.org[NomadBSD] is a persistent live system for USB flash drives, based on FreeBSD. Together with automatic hardware detection and setup, it is configured to be used as a desktop system that works out of the box, but can also be used for data recovery, for educational purposes, or to test FreeBSD hardware compatibility.
* https://www.pfsense.org/[pfSense] is a FreeBSD-based customized distribution tailored for use as a firewall and router.
[[apps]]
=== Applications and Utility Software
==== The Ports Collection
The FreeBSD Ports Collection is a diverse collection of utility and application software that has been ported to FreeBSD.
See *link:{handbook}#ports[Installing Applications: Packages and Ports]* in the Handbook.
A diverse collection of utility and application software that has been _ported_ to FreeBSD.
* ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/[Download the FreeBSD Ports Collection framework]
* link:../ports/[Web interface to the Ports Collection]
* http://www.freshports.org/[FreshPorts - a more advanced web interface to the Ports Collection]
* link:../ports/[About FreeBSD Ports]
* https://www.freshports.org/[FreshPorts - a more advanced web interface to the Collection]
* link:{handbook}#ports[Installing Applications: Packages and Ports] in the FreeBSD Handbook
* Browse the Collection: https://download.freebsd.org/ports/[web] | ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/[FTP].
For information about how _you_ can contribute _your_ favorite piece of software to the Ports Collection, have a look at _link:{porters-handbook}[The Porter's Handbook]_ and the article _link:{contributing}[Contributing to FreeBSD]_.
For information about how _you_ can contribute _your_ favorite piece of software to the Collection, have a look at _link:{porters-handbook}[The Porter's Handbook]_ and _link:{contributing}[Contributing to FreeBSD]_.

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